The start of the recorded history of the northern Frederick County is intently tied to rivalry between England and France. When the first Europeans settled in the Emmitsburg space, within the early eighteenth century, the English government was casting a anxious eye at French strikes to say the interior of the American continent. France's holdings there threatened to restrict English influence to the coastal strip east of the Allegheny mountains, and, thereby, prevent English dominance of northern America.
To counter French encroachment, the English authorities began an active coverage of promoting settlement of the wilderness. Settlers had been organized into teams of tons of. The first settlers, within the area below lively research by the Larger Emmitsburg Area Historic Society, were collectively often known as the Tom's Creek Hundred. Their settlement encompassed land from just north of current day Thurmont to the old Pennsylvania border, from the Monocacy to the Catoctin Mountains.
The Tom Indians, who occupied the Emmitsburg space, had by this time either moved westward or died from European illnesses equivalent to small pox. Consequently, the land occupied by the Tom's Creek Hundred was nearly devoid of Indians and, subsequently, ripe for settlement by the English.
Whereas the Royal government opened the land to all settlers for a nominal charge, it favored a few choose aristocrats by providing them large tracts of land in reward for his or her assist of the Crown. One of the earliest land barons within the valley was John Diggs.
Diggs, a grandson of the Royal Governor of Virginia, was a rich Catholic who played a dominant position within the sometimes-bloody border dispute between the Maryland and Pennsylvania governments. With ownership of the Chesapeake and the mouth of the Susquehanna, Maryland pressed its declare of what's now middle Pennsylvania. This remained a dispute that was not settled until the Mason-Dixon line was laid out.
Diggs believed his proper to land, primarily based upon his aristocratic standing, entitled him to most of northern and western Maryland. In 1732, Diggs formally claimed, though without any authority, all of the vacant land on the Monocacy and its many branches, which included all of present day Emmitsburg. In July 1743, Diggs managed to receive title to three tracts of land in the raise alert Emmitsburg space. Diggs' land grabbing was rapidly mimicked by others, albeit in a smaller trend.
Sadly for the land speculators and the settlers, the race between the French and English for the interior of the continent quickly bought out of hand. In 1754, the English weren't solely combating the French, however their Indian allies as effectively. While little fighting occurred in the Emmitsburg area, Indian raiding parties periodically moved by way of the realm. Because of this, many settlers withdrew to the relative security of coastal cities.
With the end of the Seven Years War in Europe, during which France ceded sovereignty of the interior of North America to the English, settlers once again cast their eyes toward the wilderness. Some fled from severe religious persecution, others from the oppression of civil tyranny, and nonetheless others were attracted by the hopes of liberty under the milder affect of English colonial rule. But for the best part, the settlers flocked to the American continent in the hopes of abandoning the crushing poverty of their homeland and for the possibility to own land and prosper via their